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UTE Indians

Ute Indians were amazing people that lived in Colorado, and Utah area from the late 1300's to 1881. Ute children gathered food like seeds, fruits, insects, corn, wild turnips, and roots. Then, the men went hunting and brought back buffalo, pemmican, deer, elk, bison, or small game. The women then cooked the meat over a fire and made dinner out of the vegetables and meat. For bread, the women gathered corn and then ground it into a fine powder. That woman would then pack it together and bake it. That’s what they did for food.

For clothing and warmth, Ute Indian women made buckskin shirts, buckskin dresses, children's’ dresses, moccasins, buffalo robes, and blankets. The women made the clothes out of animal skins.

That was part of the work Utes did. They also weaved bracelets out of bent and painted porcupine quills, ground corn, gathered food, and hunted. They hunted with hunting knives, and bows and arrows. For toys, they had dolls. For activities, they painted pictographs and etched petroglyphs on stone. For shelter, Utes made wikiups, tipis, and brush shelter. Utes moved higher in the mountains in the summer and moved to the lower valleys in the winter. In 1881, they had to move to reservations in Utah because settlers took their land after the Meeker Massacre.

The Ute Indians were famous for riding horses. Before they had horses, they had to use dogs for carrying supplies around. The Spanish came and traded with the Utes. The Utes traded for horses. Once they had the horses, they began to take over other Indian tribes. It was also much easier for the Utes to move around once they got the horses. The Utes put their handprint on their horses’ behinds to determine whose horse was whose.

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